The Bulletin of the Adyghe State University,<br />
Series "Economics" The Bulletin of the Adyghe State University,
Series "Economics"
 
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#4 / 2021

Management

  • Byuller E.A., Tlekhuray-Berzegova L.T., Chinazirov S.K.
    MOTIVATION AND STIMULATION OF LABOR AS AN INSTRUMENT OF THE PERSONNEL POLICY OF THE ENTERPRISE

    The need for the development of theory and methodology for managing the motivation system has become more acute in the context of innovative development of the economy. The strategy of economic growth assumes a transition to a higher level of formation of the principles of the firm's life. More and more scientists are studying human capital and its management. In this regard, the individual functions of the personnel management system are analyzed. One of these functions is to motivate and stimulate the employees of the organization, which is responsible for the effective use of human resources throughout the work. Thus, the company is establishing an integrated approach to human capital management. In the modern management system, the importance of motivating and stimulating personnel is great and indisputable.

    doi: 10.53598 / 2410-3683-2021-4-290-68-75

    pdf 68-75.pdf  (508 Kb)

  • Ivanova N.E., Mitchenko V.A.
    MODERNIZATION OF THE PARADIGM OF HUMAN CAPITAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY

    The article considers the development of human capital in the innovative economy based on the systemic paradigm of human capital as a research concept and taking into account its characteristics such as the ability to generate new knowledge, transfessional knowledge, education, intelligence, health, agency, active independence, which fully corresponds to the identified content of human activity in the innovative economy. The stated system of views on the development of human capital in an innovative economy is based on the concepts of the essence, content, patterns, factors and conditions of the development of human capital as a process of its formation, accumulation and use. The imperatives of the state policy of human capital development in the innovative economy are determined due to national interests and goals, inertia of external conditions, peculiarities of the state and development of the innovation environment, which are based on the use of stratification and proactive approaches that have determined the directions of solving problems, the mechanism and instruments of state regulation of human capital development in the interests of innovative development. The priority tasks facing the state and regional government bodies in the field of training professional personnel for innovative sectors of the Russian economy through a network of institutions in the public and private sectors, whose activities contribute to the development, dissemination and use of new technologies, have been identified.

    doi: 10.53598 / 2410-3683-2021-4-290-76-82

    pdf 76-82.pdf  (501 Kb)

    REGIONAL AND SECTORAL ECONOMY

  • Zakharova E.N., Polinko A.V., Shitukhina N.S.
    DOMINANTS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF REGIONAL SOCIO-ECONOMIC SYSTEMS IN THE CONDITIONS OF FORMATION FUNDAMENTALS OF NEO-ECONOMICS

    The article analyzes the existing approaches to the interpretation of the content of the concept of "neo-economics". Transformational changes economic, social, technological, environmental and managerial are presented within the framework of economic systems in the conditions of the formation of the foundations of neo-economics. The changes in the implementation of approaches to managing the development of the region under the influence of factors of transformation of socio-economic systems are indicated. The increasing role of regions in the framework of neo-economics is noted, which manifests itself in the framework of not only economic, but also political transformations. The consequence of this circumstance is the large-scale development of the processes and phenomena of regionalism and regionalization. It is shown that in the conditions of the formation of the foundations of neo-economics at the regional level, the organization of effective management of new knowledge and technologies is crucial. The conditions of effective functioning of the regional mechanism of absorption and generation of new knowledge and technologies for their transformation into competitive advantages of the region are analyzed.

    doi: 10.53598 / 2410-3683-2021-4-290-13-20

    pdf 13-20.pdf  (1 Mb)

  • Popova L.V., Lata M.S., Melikhov P.A.
    INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENT OF SMALL AGRIBUSINESS IN THE VOLGOGRAD REGION: TRENDS AND PREDICTIVE MODELING

    The paper presents the results of a scientific and practical analysis of the problems of innovative development of small agricultural formations of the Volgograd region, caused by the scientific, technical and technological transformation of world and Russian agriculture within the framework of agro-industrial complex 4.0. The research is based on the author's concept of the interdependence of the lability of entrepreneurial subjects of small agricultural production on the intensity of the process of introducing innovations into their economic activities. The authors attempted to build a model of sustainable development of small agro-formations taking into account the rapidly changing conditions of agro-industrial production, the introduction of digital, cognitive, nano- and biotechnologies, changes in the agri-food market and the emergence of new preferences among consumers of agricultural products.

    doi: 10.53598 / 2410-3683-2021-4-290-21-32

    pdf 21-32.pdf  (820 Kb)

  • Rodin A.V., Tamov A.A., Mokrushin A.A.
    SUSTAINABLE TOURISM IN RUSSIA IN THE CONTEXT OF ACHIEVING THE GOALS OF THE UN AGENDA FOR THE PERIOD UP TO 2030

    The subject of the research presented in the article is the possibilities of developing sustainable tourism in accordance with the development goals defined by the UN Agenda for the period up to 2030. The article evaluates the dynamics of the main indicators of the tourism sector in the world, in Russia and in certain regions of the country, including in the conditions of the COVID-19 pandemic. The factors hindering the development of sustainable tourism are analyzed, negative trends are highlighted, and the losses of the tourism industry and the economy as a whole from the decline in economic growth are estimated. The main directions of achieving the goal of sustainable tourism development until 2030 are considered.

    doi: 10.53598 / 2410-3683-2021-4-290-33-41

    pdf 33-41.pdf  (697 Kb)

  • Saifetdinov A.R., Avanesyan D.N., Dmitrieva A.Ya.
    ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF RETURN OF FODDER IN THE DAIRY CATTLE BREEDING OF THE KRASNODAR REGION

    The results of the analysis of the general state of dairy cattle breeding in agricultural organizations in Russia and the Krasnodar Territory, including the number of cows, milk production volumes, productivity and profitability in the sub-industry are presented. The factors that determine the efficiency of milk production have been identified and systematized, among which the organization of animal feeding takes an important place. It is proved that the basis of the development of dairy cattle breeding in the region is made up of large agricultural organizations, while in enterprises with a small number of cows, the performance indicators of the sub-industry remain relatively low. The analysis of the directions and strength of the relationship between productivity, cost and profitability in dairy farming in the region is carried out. Calculations of the structure and cost of optimal feed rations, which ensure the need of cows for nutrients and vitamins at different productivity, have been carried out. The indicators of the payback of the products of the transition from one optimal feed ration to another with a high content of energy and nutrients, and thereby ensuring a higher milk productivity of animals, have been calculated.

    doi: 10.53598 / 2410-3683-2021-4-290-42-51

    pdf 42-51.pdf  (617 Kb)

  • Chorshanbiev S.R., Bekirova K.N.
    INVESTMENT ATTRACTIVENESS OF THE POWER INDUSTRY OF THE REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN AS A FACTOR OF ENSURING ITS ENERGY SECURITY

    The significant role of energy in ensuring the socio-economic development of any country imposes high requirements for the effective functioning and systematic development of the energy sector, the improvement of which in the current conditions must be paid extremely close attention. The article examines the current problems of the development of energy of the Republic of Tajikistan, considers the existing restrictions that impede the realization of the country's energy potential and the further development of the industry, and also proposes ways to increase the investment attractiveness of the energy sector in order to ensure the country's energy security.

    doi: 10.53598 / 2410-3683-2021-4-290-52-60

    pdf 52-60.pdf  (670 Kb)

  • Shcherbatova T.A., Shcherbatov I.V.
    LEGAL AND ECONOMIC BASIS OF LAND EXPERTISE

    The article discusses the main methodological provisions and the procedure for conducting land survey. In the course of the research, the legal and economic foundations of the land management examination were studied, an organizational scheme for the implementation of the examination was presented, tested on real examples. The actual calculation of the cost estimate for the land survey was carried out using the example of the division of the land plot. The potential economic benefit of the work of expert institutions has been determined. The scientific significance of the article lies in the generalization of the current state of the issue of the methodology of land management expertise, the practical significance is in the possibility of establishing the economic feasibility of performing work by various expert institutions.

    doi: 10.53598 / 2410-3683-2021-4-290-61-67

    pdf 61-67.pdf  (504 Kb)