The Bulletin of the Adyghe State University,<br />
Series "Economics" The Bulletin of the Adyghe State University,
Series "Economics"
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#1 / 2021

Regional Economy

  • Babalyan E.B.
    Institutional factors of entrepreneurial nature and their role in stabilizing the economy of a depressed region

    The article considers the essence of a depressive region, defines the signs and criteria for classifying regions as depressive. Based on the identified criteria, the analysis of the Republic of Adygea was carried out, which allowed us to establish its belonging to the regions of the depressive type and a significant lag in the level of socio-economic development from the neighboring budget-supported regions of the Southern Federal District. As a key factor in the stabilization of the economy of a depressed region, the institutional factor of small business is considered, and the priority role of the institute of small business in solving the main problems inherent in a depressed region and hindering the growth of its competitiveness is established. Taking into account the importance of institutional factors of the entrepreneurial nature in depressed regions, the conclusion is made about the insufficient level of state support for small businesses and the need to increase it.

    pdf 15-24.pdf  (457 Kb)

  • Mokrushin A.A.
    The project approach to managing the development of small and medium-sized businesses in the region

    The article is devoted to the study of regional aspects of the implementation of the project approach to state regulation of the small and medium-sized businesses (SMBs) sector. The role of small business in formation of competitive positions of the depressed region is revealed. The regional features of the development of the SMBs sector in the Republic of Adygea, the specifics of state regulation of small business in this subject of the Russian Federation are highlighted. The practical aspects of the implementation of federal and regional projects aimed at the development of SMBs in the Republic of Adygea, ensuring the sustainable development of this region are revealed. The directions of improving the state regulation of SMBs in the depressed region in the context of the implementation of the national project are highlighted. The key factors contributing to the effective implementation of regional projects of state support for SMBs in the region are disclosed. The article substantiates the need to ensure the systematic consistency of regional and municipal documents of strategic planning of SMBs development with the passports of the regional projects.

    pdf 25-37.pdf  (296 Kb)

  • Tamov A.A., Babichev K.N., Rodin A.V.
    Problems of managing the development of human capital in municipalities

    The article evaluates the human capital of the Absheron and Seversky districts of the Krasnodar Territory, identifies a number of key problems of human capital development, such as: a reduction in the number of able-bodied population; a decline in the birth rate; a low level of housing provision; a low level of water supply, heating, and gas supply; the provision of public health services is one of the lowest in the region; insufficient provision of preschool and general education institutions. Recommendations for the development of human capital in these areas are given.

    pdf 38-49.pdf  (493 Kb)

  • Tatuev A.A., Ashkhotov A.M., Sklyarenko S.A.
    Implementation of the food export program to increase the competitiveness of the Russian regions economy

    The article presents the results of work on the scientific problems of the regional economy in the direction of the export of regional food. The goals and objectives of the study were the issues of the problems of exporting food products from the regions of Russia to the country of the main export partner today Ц China. The paper considers the issues of retrospective, market conditions and opportunities for the prospects for the growth of this type of export. As a conclusion, recommendations are presented for a radical increase in food exports from Russia to China.

    pdf 50-58.pdf  (382 Kb)

    Economy of Agrarian-Industrial Complex

  • Mokrushin A.A., Shalatov V.V., Panesh K.M.
    Strategic priorities of socio-economic development of the agro-industrial complex of the Krasnodar Territory

    The article is devoted to the study of regional aspects of strategic management of the socio-economic development of the agro-industrial complex of the Krasnodar Territory. The territorial and sectoral features and competitive advantages of the agro-industrial complex of the Krasnodar Territory are highlighted. The strategic directions and tasks of the socio-economic development of the agro-industrial complex of the Krasnodar Territory in the context of the implementation of the import substitution policy are disclosed. The features of strategic management of the socio-economic development of the agro-industrial complex of this subject of the Russian Federation are highlighted. The necessity of updating the strategic objectives and measures of the Strategy of socio-economic development of the Krasnodar Territory until 2030 is justified, taking into account the factors of the prolonged financial and economic crisis, the volatility of financial and commodity markets. The role of project and program-target methods of state regulation in the strategic development of the agro-industrial complex of the Krasnodar Territory, which have a targeted and complex nature, is revealed. Special attention is paid to the strategic task of structural and technological modernization of the agro-industrial complex of the Krasnodar Territory, due to significant imbalances in inter-industry exchange, structural imbalance in the level of development of agricultural industries.

    pdf 59-69.pdf  (255 Kb)

    Management by Innovations

  • Savitskaya O.E.
    Innovative development of enterprises in the context of the digital revolution

    The article discusses the features of innovative activities of enterprises in the digital development of the economy. The stages of innovative development of enterprises are considered as the main source of economic and social growth, contributing to an increase in the level of competitiveness. The author considers the Fourth Industrial Revolution (Industry 4.0) as a means of increasing the competitiveness of business entities. Five successive stages of the transition of the entrepreneurial sector of the economy from traditional to digital opportunities are described. It was revealed that digitalization absorbs all areas of enterprise activity, which undoubtedly affects the technologies for making and implementing management decisions in terms of innovation. The digital revolution undoubtedly necessitates the modification of the system of innovative enterprise management. The conducted analytical block showed that the development trends of enterprises in the context of the fourth technical revolution are due to the creation of new conditions for innovative enterprise management. The study used methods of empirical, statistical and methodological analysis, data from scientific and analytical publications on innovative development. The substantiation of information technologies used in the digital economy and the need for the latest models of enterprise management systems is carried out, which together can enhance the role of the process approach in the integration of business processes of innovative development.

    pdf 91-97.pdf  (327 Kb)

  • Chistova M.V., Demina N.V., Eremina O.S.
    Modern development trends of active innovation organizations in Russian Federation

    The paper discusses the main provisions on the essence of innovation, the national innovation system, innovation-active organization. Criteria for classifying organizations as innovation-active organizations in accordance with Russian and foreign methodology are identified, statistical information on the activities of innovation-active organizations in the Russian Federation and a number of foreign countries is summarized. Based on the analysis of statistical data and other general scientific research methods, the key trends in the functioning of innovatively active organizations in the modern conditions of the Russian Federation have been determined Ц the number of innovatively active organizations, the share of innovatively active organizations in the total number of enterprises and organizations, costs incurred by medium and large organizations, for all types of innovations. Based on the results of the analysis, the reasons for the low level of development of innovative-active organizations on the territory of the Russian Federation are identified, as well as problems and prospects for their further development.

    pdf 98-107.pdf  (275 Kb)

    Management

  • Bzegezheva L.K.
    Conceptual problems of management of state-owned companies of the Russian Federation and directions of their solution

    The article highlights the problem of insufficient efficiency of the management systems of state-owned companies in the Russian Federation. The author systematizes the main conceptual problems that limit the effectiveness of management in this segment of the economy, including those related to insufficient congruence of individual management functions, ineffectiveness of implementing a systematic approach to the management of state-owned companies, and high corruption risks. The main factors on which the solution of the selected methodological problem of insufficient balance of the content of special and directly integrated with them general management functions of state companies depends are highlighted. The problem of insufficient balance of process, design and functional approaches to the management of modern state organizations is outlined. The author substantiates the need for a systematic development of options for solving an organizational and methodological problem in the sectoral context, taking into account the specifics of state-owned companies. The directions of solving the main problems of organization and implementation of management activities in the sector of state-owned companies of the Russian economy are proposed.

    pdf 79-84.pdf  (201 Kb)

  • Bzegezheva L.K., Bolokova M.A.
    Methods for assessing the effectiveness of public administration: a comparative analysis

    The article shows the importance of correct determination of methods for assessing the effectiveness of public administration to ensure an increase in the level of its financial, economic and social performance. The main methodological approaches to assessing the effectiveness of public administration related to various areas of economic-sociological and economic-statistical analysis are systematized. The range of methods for assessing the effectiveness of public administration is shown, as well as the feasibility of the systematic use of various groups of methods for studying the effectiveness of public administration at the present stage. The basic conditions for the representative application of the sociological approach to the analysis of the effectiveness of the development of public administration have been determined. The methods of descriptive statistics are analyzed, including the study of statics and dynamics of the main absolute indicators of the effectiveness of the development of public administration organization. The expediency of using the synthesis of various methodological approaches for the effective development of the modern sphere of public administration has been substantiated.

    pdf 85-90.pdf  (122 Kb)

    PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT

  • Panferov V.P.
    Main factors of capital growth in innovative competencies as a key component of human capital

    The relevance of the topic of identifying and studying the factors of capital growth in innovative competencies as a key component of human capital is associated with the fact that human capital today acts as a driving force for the innovative development of enterprises, providing a long-term competitive advantage and sustainable growth. Among the innovative competencies that meet all the characteristics and are necessary for inclusion in the capital of competencies, the author includes: Creativity, creativity and entrepreneurship; continuous learning, improvement and development; cooperation, communication; openness to new things, positive perception of innovation, flexibility, critical thinking and solving complex problems The article identifies 6 main factors affecting the growth of the capital of innovative competencies, such as: the sufficiency of the required level of innovative competencies among employees, the level of organization of the knowledge management system in the enterprise, the degree of organization of business processes, including the use of human capital, the presence of a special innovative environment at the enterprise. , the level of digitalization and informatization, integration and active representation in the outside world. The article examines each of the above factors, offers approaches and recommendations for managers to influence them in the interests of innovative development. Particular attention is paid to the presence of the mutual influence of the above factors of capital growth of innovative competencies on each other. In conclusion of the article, the author, in order to maximize and accelerate the growth of innovation-oriented enterprises, recommends practical measures for all the main factors.

    pdf 70-78.pdf  (245 Kb)

    ECONOMIC SECURITY

  • Ksenofontov V.I., Antoshkina A.V.
    Practical approaches to assessing the investment security of an enterprise

    The continuous functioning and social development of the enterprise, the balanced use of its resources and entrepreneurial opportunities, is achieved by ensuring its economic security. At the same time, the investment security of economic entities is of particular importance for the positive dynamics of scientific and technological progress, on the scale of the industry and the national economy. Under the influence of external and internal threats, enterprises should regularly monitor their investment security, assess their investment potential and financial stability. In this regard, the issues of ensuring the economic security of an enterprise considered in the article are very relevant, and the generalization of methodological approaches to the assessment of investment security made in it allows to obtain a set of indicators ready for practical use for the quantitative characteristics of investment threats, investment potential, investment attractiveness and the effectiveness of financial flow management. According to the methodology proposed by the authors, a step-by-step assessment of the investment security of an oil and gas producing enterprise is given, taking into account the integral indicators of external and internal risks that manifest themselves in various areas of its activity. In the end, the threats to the economic security of the enterprise, which are important from the point of view of ensuring it and achieving investment goals, are systematized.

    pdf 108-117.pdf  (281 Kb)