#4 / 2013
The Economic Theory
Al.A. Ermolenko, And.A. Ermolenko
The “croutizna” of movement of Russia
The paper sheds light on the research of the steepness characteristic of a trajectory of movement of plural nature economy systems which are formed in the process of long and profound social-economic transformations. The methodology of system approach is realized in the research.
Human capital in industrial and postindustrual century: fund or dynamic process?
In connection with the change of individual’s role in economy, the problems of human capital are becoming highly topical. In the paper, within the comparative analysis, it is proved that in industrial century the components of human capital were the fund of health, knowledge, social — cultural component and economic-meaningful information. In postindustrial century all these components have changed and are changing, they have become the complex of processes: of health reproduction, self-education, two-way interaction with society and information updating.
System assets in conceptual representation of municipal economy of a post-industrial era
The paper discusses the principles of the post-industrial system organization of assets of the modern megalopolis and the role of system city-forming assets in a sustainable development of city community using the International airport of Changi as an example.
Features of the environmental contradiction management in economic systems
The paper examines and generalizes the factors that contribute to the features of environmental contradiction management in economic systems. Particular attention is given to theoretical issues of mechanism formation of environmental contradiction management. An example is given of the results of forecast efficiency evaluation of the mechanism functioning and general guidance on the application of the environmental contradiction management mechanism.
Assessment of economy of modern Russia from the point of view of formal and real nationalization of economic process
An attempt is undertaken to uncover the causes of the crisis in the Russian economy. An analysis is made of the processes of development of the Russian economy with the help of the formational theory. The conclusion is drawn on the domination of formal transformations as a major cause of the economic crisis and formation of insider capitalism.
Social responsibility of subjects of institutional and economic transformations: approach from a positions of the concept of modernization
The paper discusses the factors causing formation and development of a special form of social responsibility — responsibility for results of the initiated institutional and economic transformations. The author discloses the content of this form of responsibility from the point of view of modernization concept. The concept “modernization” transformation is carried out.
N.A. Khilko, V.V. Prokhorova
Strategic trajectory of formation of “economy basing on knowledge” at meso level of modern Russia
The paper discloses the possibilities of formation of a strategic trajectory of formation of “the economy basing on knowledge” which are created with participation of vertically integrated corporations and network organizations in economic space of regional economic systems of modern Russia. The authors estimate the potential of a contribution of the specified subjects to the process of modernization of regional economic systems.
CusTOMs reGuLATION IN The TweNTy-FIrsT CeNTury: CONTrADICTIONs AND ThreATs
This paper shows the growing role of customs regulation at both national
and supranational level on the basis of the analysis of views on the future manifestations
of globalization. The author identifies and explains the basic contradictions in development of national systems of customs regulation, caused by global economic factors. Threats to national systems of customs regulation due to the development of some directions of world integration processes are highlighted.
Quasi-public nature of commercial bank as the foundation of Russian banking sector regulation
The duality of commercial bank nature is substantiated in the paper. On the one hand, commercial bank is a commercial organization and, on the other hand, it is an institute that destined to carry out socially significant functions interfaced to enormous outer effects. The thesis of the quasi-public nature of banks is proved on the basis of 6 principal judgments. The need is proved to supervise banks activity on the part of the state represented by the Central Bank and to regulate their activity. This regulation should prevent a prevailing of commercial interest and private momentary benefits over public tasks and exclude damage to economy.
Methodological aspects of institutional transformation of the insurance market in the conditions of financial globalization
In this paper, based on the analysis of institutional formation of the insurance sector, the author proposed a model for the development of the insurance market and its institutions in the reproduction process as a mechanism of protection and investment for economic growth on the basis of the institutional parameters of interaction between government, the corporate sector and households, considering the totality of the factors and key indicators of the insurance market development in the context of financial globalization.
L.K. Ulybina, O.A. Okorokova
Evolutioning of system of an assessment of insurance company solvency
The paper discloses the concept and value of solvency for financial stability of insurers. Stages of evolutioning of system of an assessment of insurance companies solvency are investigated taking into account the standards of Solvency II. The authors propose a method of estimating the demarcation indicators of solvency and financial stability of insurance companies on the basis of a complementarity of rating judgments of consulting agencies and intra firm analytical procedures.
REPRODUCTION EFFECTIVENESS OF SYSTEM OF AGRICULTURAL INSURANCE WITH THE STATE SUPPORT
The reproduction efficiency and potency of the agricultural insurance system are evaluated. The strengths and weaknesses of the crop insurance system with the state support are identified.
ON THE DIRECTIONS OF INCREASING THE EFFICIEENCY OF ON-BUDGET EXPENDITURES
This paper discusses the problems of the introduction of budgeting focused on a result in the budget system. The author examines the system of indicators to measure the efficiency and effectiveness of on-budget expenditures, as well as the introduction peculiarities of the instruments of budget planning and administration of on-budget expenditures in institutions of higher professional education.
REAL REFINANCING RATE
Definition of ways of stimulation of economic growth in conditions of increase
of promissory notes of the state budgets becomes the main question, the response to which
is defining for the majority of the Central Banks. In the given work the opportunity
of influence of the Central Banks on economy by means of change of the refinancing rate
is analyzed. The greatest accent has been made on comparison of the rate of refinancing of the Central Bank and a level of mid-annual change of consumer prices. It is concluded that in periods of the greatest threats for the national economy regulators often reduce the refinancing rate to levels of negative key rate.
G.M. Zaloznaya, G.D. Kutubarova
The IMPACT OF THE GLOBAL FINANCIAL CRISIS ON THE FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS OF THE ORENBURG REGION
The global financial crisis had an impact on financial institutions both at the national and regional level. In the paper, on the basis of the analysis of economic indicators the author assesses the impact of the financial crisis and proposes measures that will allow development of financial institutions in the post-crisis period.
GENERAL AND SPECIAL FEATURESIN THE DEVELOPMENT OF BUDGET DECENTRALIZATION
The paper discusses approaches to the study of fiscal decentralization from positions of macroeconomic regulation of social and economic processes, variable solution of the local government financial security and the introduction of effective budgeting practices in the budget process.
V.N. Ovchinnikov, M.V. Arshba
INSTITUTIONAL AND INFRASTRUCTURE DEFICITS OF INSURANCE SYSTEM FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURAL ENTERPRISES AND THE WAYS OF THEIR OVERCOMING
The paper evaluates the institutional and infrastructural deficits of insurance system to ensure sustainable development of agricultural enterprises. The ways are proposed to overcome the identified problems of forming an effective insurance protection of sustainable reproduction in agriculture.
T.Kh. sozayeva, I.B. Duguzhev
ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF MONETARY REGULATION IN THE MAJOR CENTRAL BANKS OF THE WORLD
In conditions of the confrontation between two mutually exclusive models of overcoming economic crisis (“german” and “American”) discussions about the effectiveness of monetary regulation become much more relevant. The author analyzes different methods of influence of Central Banks on the economy. The greatest emphasis was placed on the comparison
of the main macroeconomic indicators in terms of their effectiveness in the conditions of increasing
inflationary pressure in the United States and China. It is concluded that in periods of the greatest threats to the national economy regulators often resort to methods contradicting to the
interests of the global economy; protectionism is practiced in the most risky of its manifestations.
Problems Related to Investment Activity
THE EFFICIENCY OF REGIONAL INVESTMENT PROJECTS (on evidence from the Kabardino-Balkarian republic)
The growth of investment activity is the reason for development of new methods of analysis and evaluation. The budget and social effectiveness analysis is to indicate the region’s investment efficiency as a whole. The paper examines the economic, budgetary and social effect of investment project realization, presents the analysis of budgetary and social factors and draws a conclusion concerning the investment efficiency.
INVESTMENT: THE EVOLUTION OF THE VIEWS AND MODERN IDEAS ON INVESTING IN AGRICULTURE
The paper examines the views of scientists on economic category “investment”.
The importance of investments that form a basis for the development of an economic complex
and one of its main areas — agriculture is emphasized. The role of investment at macro and micro levels is disclosed. The publication shows the impact of investment on the development of material and technical base of agriculture in the conditions of functioning
of the country within the framework of the WTO.
THE STRUCTURE FORMATION REGIONAL PROJECTS AS A FACTOR OF INCREASING THE INVESTMENT ATTRACTIVENESS
This scientific article studies the structure formation regional projects
as a factor of achieving complex social economic development of Krasnodar region. The author determines the basic activities in increasing investment projects and suggests an organization model of government support of realization and financing investment projects.
Effective development of regional clusters in the conditions of globalization
The paper is devoted to research of features of cluster approach in management and sustainable development of the tourist and recreational sphere in the region. System approach to regional cluster policy is considered in detail. The main advantages of use of cluster approach in modern conditions are considered. Positive influence of formation of a special economic zone on development of a tourist and recreational complex is defined.
Regional investment policy (based on the example of the Adyghea Republic)
This paper describes measures to improve the regional investment policy through the comprehensive realization of the managing system of investment: management of the budget investment flow, management of investment motivation, formation and perfection of the legislative basis and investment information availability for potential investors.
A.V. Gladilin, B.M. Khashkueva
Regional economic indicators of development strategy of the North Caucasus Federal District: implementation and a comparative analysis
Currently, there is an urgent need to improve the methodology for assessing the development of the regions in the North Caucasus Federal District in terms of practical implementation of the strategy development of the district. The paper addresses the improvement of the assessment and comparative analysis of the extent of implementation of the specified indicators among the subjects of the region, as well as the transformation of the methodological aspects of the strategic adjustment of regional development programs.
Diversification-oriented development strategy of the problematic region as a tool to ensure its competitiveness
This paper discusses some aspects of the use of economic diversification as an effective tool to improve the competitiveness of the budget-deficit region in modern conditions. Particular attention is paid to the implementation tools of diversification- oriented development strategy of the region.
The strategy of structural changes in the economy of the problematic region as a tool to ensure uniformity of the socio- economic environment
The paper discusses a number of aspects related to the structural and dynamic features of the economy of the problematic region and to the influence of these characteristics on the processes of intra-regional socio-economic differentiation in today’s Russia. The Republic of Adyghea, which is one of the most problematic regions of the South of Russia, is chosen as the object for in-depth analysis. In recent years, an intensification of structural and dynamic processes is observed in its economy.
N.I. Pshikanokova, T.U. Egorova
Features of fiscal policy of the subsidized region
Effective implementation and growth of the subject fiscal capacity of the Russian Federation are considered to be essential requirements for the dynamic development of the Russian economy. The progressive development of the fiscal capacity of the region will facilitate the growth of financial independence and increase in the level of socio-economic development. The paper investigates the features of the budgetary policy of subsidized regions, as well as the different sources and structure of the regional budget capacity. An analysis is made of the indices of the dynamics of budget revenues in the region. The main directions in the preservation and development of budget capacity of the region are proposed.
M.K. Tamova, Yu.A. Dolgich
The competitive positions of the Adyghea Republic in the economic space of the South of Russia and prospects for their strengthening
The paper discusses how to increase the competitiveness of the Adyghea Republic as budget-deficit region in the economic space of the South of Russia. Special attention is given to the possibilities of diversification as a management tool, providing an increase of competitive positions of the region through the formation of a new territorial and sectoral structure of its economy.
Emission tools to intensify the integration interaction of regional systems
Sustainable and efficient operation of infrastructure is a prerequisite to provide high economic growth, integrity, national security and high national defensive capacity, as well as to improve quality of life and effective integration of Russia into the world economy. Infrastructure bonds can become one of the key instruments for the development of regional and municipal infrastructure. The paper discusses the effective use of the emission tool capacity of infrastructure bonds in order to intensify integration interaction of regional systems.
Classification of informative tools of the region development
The development of the region requires special informative development tools adapted to the emerging “knowledge economy”. These tools allow the achievement of planned development goals and extraction of new knowledge on the regional economic system. One of such tools is the road map.
I.N. Tomshinskaya, M.V. Sharapov
Influence of the region type on development of forms of subregional spatial localizations
General preconditions for creating spatially localized systems are the high industrial and innovation potential of the region and ready engineering infrastructure. These factors make it possible to increase the inflow of capital, technologies and direct investments. This paper describes variations in the forms of spatial localizations depending on the region type.
The institutes of co-evolution of vertical integrated corporations, net organizations and regional economic systems
This paper shows the institutes of co-evolution of vertical integrated corporations, net organizations and regional economic systems, which have been created at meso level of economy of contemporary Russia. The potential of their contribution to modernization at mezzo — level is estimated.
Forecasting the volumes of the gross regional product by the method of “input-output”: domestic and foreign experience
The paper sheds light on an assessment of rates of economic development and substantiates the use of the expense-release method (“input-output”) to forecast volumes of a gross regional product as the key method of an assessment. An analysis is made of domestic and foreign experience in creation of the “input-output” tables at national and regional levels. Tendencies and features of the use of this method in Australia, New Zealand and Thailand are revealed. Also a positive experience in creation of regional “input-output” tables in China is investigated.
Reforming the system of intergovernmental fiscal relations: target and untarget funding for socio-economic development of the region
The processes of uneven development of Russian regions necessitate the formation of such a model of intergovernmental fiscal relations, which will ensure the transition to a sustainable type of development of socio-economic systems. Fiscal stability of regions suggests fiscal autonomy, balance and ability to pay. Complementary use of adaptive tools of intergovernmental fiscal relations will implement the mentioned principles and will form a stable type of budget of regions and the country.
T.A. Verish, M.s. Osipova
THE FUNCTIONAL OPPORTUNITIES OF CLUSTERS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF TERRITORIAL INFRASTRUCTURE
The scientific article investigates the functional opportunities of clusters in the development of territorial infrastructure which have been created with the participation of several organizations in the area of regional economic systems of contemporary Russia. The author assesses their potential of contribution to modernization of the infrastructure of regional economic systems.
TERRITORIAL ASPECTS OF THE MANAGEMENT OF ELECTRICITY MARKET DEVELOPMENT
This paper describes the model of the management of electricity market development on the basis of creation of the integrated corporate structure. The author suggests compromise mechanisms of financial support of the state interests in the framework
of realization of Federal programs of electric power industry reform taking into account the interests of local communities concerning the development of their territories. Also the advisability of changes in the Russian system of public sector of management is considered.
A.A. Kerashev, A.A. Mokrushin,N.A. Koroleva
SCENARIOS FOR STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT OF MEGA-CORPORATION AND REGIONAL ECONOMIC SYSTEM INTERACTION IN MODERN RUSSIA
This paper presents the scenarios for strategic development of interaction of mega-corporations with regional economic systems in modern Russia. It focuses on possible changes in reproduction process and asset composition of both meta-systems, caused by the implementation of each of the scenarios. The author estimates changes in the structure of assets of “gazprom” holding companies and economic system of Krasnodar Region being involved in the interaction.
DIAGNOSTIC MEChANISM OF BUREAUCRATIZATION OF CORPOATE — TERRITORIAL PATNERSHIP IN ECONOMIC SPACE OF CONTEMPORARY RUSSIA
This paper presents the main characteristics of corporate-territorial partnership in interaction of mega-corporations with regional economic systems of contemporary Russia. The author discloses the content of the phenomenon of bureaucratization of economic relations of corporate and regional economic systems. The basic indicator of diagnostic mechanism of bureaucratization of corporate-territorial partnership is developed.
TOOLS OF THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF TERRITORIAL-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEXES
This paper considers the mechanisms of solving the problems of increasing sustainability of development of territorial-industrial complexes in the context of the implementation of long-term industrial policy. It proves that the inclusion of indicators in a contour of management provides invariability of the dynamic characteristics of the mesolevel system on the whole when the object characteristics are being changed in the process of transformation of the environment.
CLUSTER-COGNITIVE APPROACH IN STRATEGIC PLANNING AT THE MESO-LEVEL
The paper defines the essence and principles of strategic management of regional social-economic systems. The author substantiates the application of the toolkit of cluster cognitive modeling in the processes of planning and forecasting the development of the region. An algorithm of the formation of the development strategy of the regional social and economic system is proposed.
The CHANGING ROLE OF REGIONAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE NORTH CAUCASUS REPUBLICS
The article discusses some little explored aspects of the study of singularities of the North Caucasus republics as a factor in their strategic development in modern conditions. Particular attention is paid to the peculiarities of these problematic regions, stimulating and limiting their social and economic development.
INSTITUTIONAL ASPECTS OF FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF SUB-REGIONAL SPATIAL LOCALIZATIONS
The paper studies the institutional aspects of the formation and development of sub-regional spatial localizations. From the standpoint of system and institutional approaches it proves the necessity of the creation of localities to enhance competitiveness and to arrange the relations in the internal environment of the region.
BUDGET AND TAX REGULATION OF SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN TERRITORIAL SYSTEMS
The paper considers the mechanisms to promote the economic development of territories on the basis of ensuring the balance of interests of the subjects of the fiscal process, as well as the theoretical background of the linkages between the tax potential
and economic processes modeling. The author proposes to estimate the degree of efficiency of the budgetary process through the forecasting of the territory tax potential.
TOOLS OF CLUSTER DEVELOPMENT IN REGIONAL ECONOMY
This paper investigates the tools of cluster development in regional
economic system. The author analyses the foreign and Russian experience in development and implementation of tools of cluster development. The paper defines the complex of the effective and expedient tools of cluster development taking into account the world experience in cluster development and its adaptation to regional economic system of modern Russia.
The Account, Audit and the Control
Disclosure of information on questions of corporate governance in the company reporting
This paper reports upon research with the improvement of Russian practice of corporate governance taking into account the best foreign and domestic practices, as well as an order of disclosure of information in the reporting of the public companies concerning their corporate governance. The effective system of indicators on corporate governance is developed.
Assessment of the tax risks arising at the organizations, applying a simplified system of the taxation
The paper deals with the tax risks which arise at implementation of operations by the organizations applying a simplified system of the taxation, as well as possibilities of their decrease. Factors of risk increasing are systematized when analyzing risk of inclusion of the organization in the plan of exit tax checks. The role of the tax consultant at an assessment of tax risks is defined and expediency of his attraction to the sphere of small business is shown.
Theory for balance varieties of Jacques Savary and its role in the development of the commercial law in France of the 17th century
The paper discusses the economic development of France in the 17th century. An analysis is made of the current state of the commercial law, as well as the factors and personalities who have had a significant influence on the development of the law. Also a role of Jacques Savary in the development of accounting in France and his contribution in writing the Commercial Code of France in 1673 are defined. The paper presents an analysis of the theory of of balance varieties proposed by Savary in the comments to the code “Le parfait negociant”.
M.P. Vladimirova,G.N. Kurbanov
USE OF FIXED ASSETT DEPRECIATION METHODS FOR THE MINING SECTOR ENTERPRISES IN THE IAS AND RAS SYSTEM
The paper discusses current issues related to the efficient methods
and techniques of depreciation affecting the formation of own funds of enterprises allocated for reproduction of fixed assets. The solution of this problem is the change of methodological approaches to accounting, revaluation and depreciation.
D.V. Lugovskiy,yu.A. Abrosimova
IMPAIRMENT OF FINANCIAL ASSETS AS A TOOL OF ECONOMIC POLICY
The author presents his own definition of amortized cost as a present value of inflow or outflow of future economic benefits resulting from debt redemption in accordance
with appropriate period of payments adjusted by impairment of debt. This definition does not contain a detailed calculation algorithm (excess in any definition), but it intends to show the economic content of this category and with the same terminology and conceptually integrated to IFRS area.
THE EXPERIENCEIN FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING OF MEDIEVAL GENOA AND MODERNITY
The interest to history of this profession in scientific accounting community arose recently. They didn’t pay much attention to the account during the Soviet period. The paper presents the analysis of publications of the Russian and Soviet authors who paid much attention to accounting in the book of the city-commune of genoa of 1340. For a definite period of time this book was considered to be the first one where account was kept with the use of double record system.
Economy of Agrarian-Industrial Complex
Prospects of development of a dairy and grocery complex in Adyghea Republic
The paper deals with some aspects of a current state of a dairy and grocery complex in the Republic of Adyghea. At present, in order to overcome the crisis situation it is necessary to modernize the agrarian and industrial enterprises, as well as to increase profitability of dairy cattle breeding at the expense of the state support.
Yu.I. Bershitsky, G.N. Barsukova, A.R. Pshizova
The role of the land factor in agricultural production
The paper deals with theoretical aspects and methodological approaches to the assessment of efficiency of production factors in agriculture. The role of the land factor in the production of agricultural products is defined. The authors calculate the model parameters of the production function of the gross production value formation with consideration of the quality of soil in large agricultural enterprises of Krasnodar Territory.
T.G. Gurnovich, L.A. Latysheva, R.G. Karsliev
Application of technique of an estimation of dynamic effect of external financing at forecasting results of agrarian business in the region
The creation of an effective system of financing of subjects of agribusiness contributes to improvement of the sustainability and efficiency of agrarian entrepreneurship in rural regions. This is of special urgency in the conditions of implementation of the State program of agricultural development and regulation of markets of agricultural products, raw materials and food for 2013-2020. This paper analyzes the results of the practical application of an estimation technique of the dynamic effect of external funding for the period of 2005-2006 2013. A forecast of the development of agricultural business in the coming five-year period is made using an example of the Stavropol Region. We prove the necessity of optimizing the management of the business structure by the differential impact of financial levers on business processes. For this purpose, based on the previously developed coefficient of dynamic effect of external finance industry, the quantitative estimates are made of the impact of changes in the volume of external financing and its cost on the the results of business activity. Analysis of the current situation and predictable effects of external financing business structures of the agrarian sector of economy of Stavropol Region confirmed the need for an integrated use of financial instruments. It is concluded that the optimum combination of modes of financing will enhance the competitive advantages of agrarian enterprises of the region.
ECONOMIC EVALUATION OF THE MATERIAL AND TECHNICAL BASE OF THE RUSSIAN AGRICULTURE
This paper contains the conditions of innovative development of the materialtechnical base of agriculture. The scientific article investigates the dynamics and features of maintenance of agricultural organizations by machinery and equipment. The author finds out that the increasing level of innovativeness of material and technical base involves the formation of system that stimulates the implementation of scientific and technical progress based on internal reserves and the realization of measures of state support.
A.A. Tamov,M.G. Kovalenko
ON THE SYSTEM MODELING OF REGIONAL AGRICULTURE IN MARKET CONDITIONS
This paper discusses a number of methodological aspects related
to the development of models of regional agriculture. The author draws particular attention to characteristics of individual structural components of the proposed system of models of regional agriculture.
BASIC FACTORS CONSTRAINING THE DEVELOPMENT OF REGIONAL AGRICULTURAL CONSUMERS’ COOPERATION
Development of market relations in the agrarian sector of regional economy provides new opportunities for the development of agricultural cooperation. however, it is developing slow and unstable today. The causes of these phenomena are the shortcoming
of development of cooperative relations, the lack of government’s support and regulation of cooperative processes, the high cost of credit and borrowed assets as well as inadequate cooperative legislation and a number of other problems constraining the development of cooperatives in rural areas.
Mathematical Methods in Economy
G.V. Gorelova, E.V. Jertovskaya, M.V. Yakimenko
The use of the cognitive approach to study the regional reproduction process
The paper shows the urgency of studying reproduction processes in the region in conditions of economic modernization. The use of the cognitive approach is proposed for the development and adaptation of complex model of the reproduction process of the region with due account of the linkages and interaction of structural-parametric combination of factors.
A.F. Rogachev,M.P. Protsyuk
PROBLEMS OF ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY MODELING IN THE KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY
The paper discusses the problem of economic efficiency modeling
in the knowledge economy. The author has obtained the analytical data based on a compromise. The options for innovative approaches to the implementation of the educational process on the terminal server technology are presented.
The Theory and Practice of Business
Development trends and imperatives of ensuring sustainability of small and mid business in conditions of economic crisis
Transition to the concept of sustainability of the new quality of economic growth implies the abandonment of the practice orientation of the development process for the traditional economic indicators. This raises the need to ensure, as a the result of the development, not only the achievement of certain economic changes at the macro level, but also the need to study the economic stability, sustainability, new growth factors, in which the most important role is paid to science in the process of transition to dynamically sustainable development of enterprises.
The ROLE OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN CURRENT MARKET CONDITIONS
The paper studies the economic and social role of entrepreneurship in current market conditions. The views of Russian and foreign scientists economists on the nature and role of entrepreneurship are examined.
ENTREPRENEURIAL CLUSTERS IN THE INNOVATION AREA AS A FACTOR OF MODERN ECONOMY DEVELOPMENT IN THE NORTH-CAUCASIAN FEDERAL DISTRICT
One of the most effective ways to develop small and medium enterprises in the atmosphere of globalization and increased international competition is their clustering. This paper examines the role of entrepreneurial clusters as a factor of innovative development of modern economy in the North-Caucasian Federal District. The main directions and approaches to realization of cluster policy are proposed.
Entrepreneurial-network form of the organization of activity of higher education institution as a tool to ensure its competitiveness
The paper discusses business activity of higher education institutions and conditions necessary for its implementation, as well as various trends of this activity. One of the factors promoting intense business activity of higher education institutions is a large-scale development of a branch network of the domestic higher education institutions creating a basis for network interaction of entrepreneurial higher education institutions. Various forms of networks of entrepreneurial structures and their properties are considered.
Principles of the system of quality management of educational activities
The paper discusses the basic principles of quality management system of higher education. An analysis is made of contemporary approaches to this problem. A classification of the elements of education quality management is proposed. The paper provides a rationale for the priority use of internal quality control by the university administration.
E.N. Zakharova, T.G. Tlyusten
Rating of higher education institutions as a tool to decrease information asymmetry in the market of confidential services
This paper deals with the problems related to obtaining information on quality of educational services by the consumer. Asymmetry of information, as a special type of incompleteness of information, has essential impact on market processes. This work proposes mechanisms of overcoming negative consequences of information asymmetry in the market of the higher education services, one of which is the use of a rating assessment.
The evolution of sector of intellectual services
The paper discloses the features of evolution of intellectual service sector, which have been created with the participation of some subjects in the space of several economic systems of contemporary Russia. The potential of their contribution to modernization of corresponding economic systems is estimated.
I.S. Bogomolova, M.R. Bechvaya
RESEARCH ON FOUNDATIONS OF COLLECTIVE MANAGEMENT IN HIGHER EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS
The requirements for higher education are increasing in modern conditions of social and economic development. Therefore, there is a need to build an effective system of management of higher education institutions. The paper considers the forms of collective leadership in higher education institutions aimed at improving management processes, core business processes, resource management and monitoring procedures.
E.N. Zakharova, I.P. Kovaleva
FORMATION OF THE MEDICAL CLUSTER AS THE DIRECTION OF INTEGRATION INTERACTION OF SUBJECTS IN REGIONAL MEDICAL AREA
The paper deals with domestic and international aspects of the establishment and functioning of clusters in health care. It proposes the mechanism for the organization of the health system in the region based on the cluster approach with a complex structure.
Five regional clusters of medical profile are designated as development priorities of the Krasnodar Territory. They are based on the principles of territorial and inter-branch integration collaboration. The author determines the conditions and the direction of their effective formation.
INSTRUMENTAL POSSIBILITIES OF A FORMATION OF A SINGLE INFORMATION NETWORK SPACE IN INNOVATION ACTIVITY IN A MACRO-REGION
The paper investigates the instrumental possibilities of a formation
of a unified information space of innovative activity in a macro-region. The author specifies the definition of a virtual network organization and the role of information systems in creating a single information and communication space of the whole sphere of innovation activity in the region.
THE ROLE OF PAID EDUCATIONAL SERVICES IN THE NEW VISION OF FINANCIAL SECURITY OF THE UNIVERSITIES
The paper reviews the financial support of higher education in conditions of reorientation of a state model in the management of budgetary resources with the cost to effective approach. It represents the problems of the costs financing of higher educational institutions of the alternative budget sources. The significant part of them is determined by the activity of providing paid educational services.
THE POPULATION EMPLOYMENT IN THE KABARDINO-BALKARIAN REPUBLIC
The paper reviews the theories of employment. An analysis is made of the indicators showing the employment yearly average in economy according to forms of property, kinds of economic activity and number of people employed by public services. The author arrives at conclusions identifying their problem issues and advantages.
E.M. Chernenko, I.S. Lebedeva
ECONOMIC FOUNDATIONS OF SOCIAL PROTECTION
The paper examines the economic bases of the social protection of population. It studies different approaches to the models of the social protection used in the international practice. The author compares indices characterizing the social level in the countries and suggests an optimal model of the social protection for the Russian conditions.
B.M. Zhukov, L.A. Koroleva
Interaction of development vectors of organizational culture and increasing economic security of company
The paper, on the basis of the author’s researches, discloses the main areas of interaction between the vectors of development of organizational culture and improvement of the enterprise security in order to achieve and maintain a high level of competitiveness. A cycle of events — the characteristics of the enterprise is distinguished, namely: “organizational culture — economic security — competitiveness”. Tools to ensure economic security through the development of its organizational culture are defined.
Directions of industrial policy to ensure the effectiveness of the industrial complex functioning
A study is made on the methodology of macroeconomic situation— transformational analysis (state and dynamics) and sliding forecasting of the industry development, both in the context of the basic kinds of economic activities, and in the whole industry.
On an estimation of economic potential of industrial enterprise
The paper discusses a possibility of detailed elaboration of a technique of an estimation of economic potential of industrial enterprise. The matrix of potential possibilities is presented and the standardized algorithm of the account and analysis of economic potential is approved. This is of great importance for a strategy substantiation.
A.A. Tatuev, M.M. Khokonov
A new infrastructure functional role of the industry in development of national economy
The paper gives a theoretical analysis of current trends in development of the industry in reproduction structures. Expansion of a new infrastructure functional role of the industry in development of national economy is noted. This role has to be estimated in terms of not only a direct contribution to a value added, but also of creation of a network of the new reproduction economic relations.
The value of the corporate sector in Russian industry
The importance of this problem is due to the development of the corporate sector of the financial industry in the mechanism of the Russian economic relations. Significance of the corporate sector is revealed. Its development is shown in the periods of nationalization, privatization and de-corporation. The features, forms and structure of the corporate sector are studied in terms of its membership in the integration processes. The measures of financial management, which may be useful in the development of the investment interest in corporation are proposed.
Yu.M. Belyaev, r.A. Popov
CONSTRUCTION OF RENEWABLE ENGY FACILITIES: ECONOMICS AND ORGANIZATION
The paper examines the economics and organization of construction of low-energy facilities using hydropower resources of small rivers, geothermal, solar and wind energy. It also
substantiates the expediency of regionally integrated energy construction programming based on full participation of various «non-traditional» energy sources in the economic turnover.The author studies the consolidation of financial resources of different potential investors.
A.S. Zakharchenkov, S.A. Mekhovich
THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION AND UKRAINE IN THE CONTEXT OF PECULIARITIES OF MODERN INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION: STRATEGY OF TECHNOLOGICAL BREAKTHROUGH
An analysis is made of the importance of the big cycles of Kondratyev’s economic conditions in determining the strategy of technological breakthroughs. A phase of depression is shown to be the most favourable time for mastering and introduction of new
wave of base technological innovations. In the phase of depression, large-scale and effective
state measures are required to support the financial system of economy and social sphere.
The reality of technological breach depends on ability of governments to foresee and promote an innovative process in periods of depression and revival, when the synergetic effect
of its strengthening takes place. The author determines the main factors responsible for the implementation of critically important projects for the formation of a new way of life.
INDUSTRIAL POLICY: PECULIARITIES OF FORMATION IN THE CONDITIONS OF VERTICAL INTEGRATION
The paper substantiates the evolutionary approach to process of formation of industrial policy of corporation in the conditions of vertical integration. The author reveals the major factors of formation of industrial policy of vertically integrated corporation
and the principles of its formation.
STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT AND STATE SUPPORT OF INDUSTRIAL CLUSTER DEVELOPMENT
The paper examines the contributing factors to the formation and development of clusters and to the participation of the state in formation of cluster policy and support
to arising clusters. The author proposes the strategic approach to development of industrial clusters.
Economic Sociology and Demography
Systemic subject in the face of modern Russia: the social aspects of the economic development
Mode of existence of the subject system that embodies the socio-economic system of modern Russia, the rent is due the strategic orientation of the country, dominated institution of state power over the institution of property, as well as the integration system process into the global world economy, the imperatives of inadequate transition to “ an economy based on knowledge”. Effective interaction typical Russian “space economy” with typical for Western countries’ economy of time” assumes a special space-time form of tolerance.
Economic Culture of Societyin theoretical and methodological measurement
The article contains the analysis of the relevance of the current sociotheoretical thought on the economic culture of the society. The author aims to build an effective methodological strategy to develop a wide range of issues related to the population economic culture.
Methodological aspects of research of intraregional socioeconomic asymmetry of problem regions
The article examines the socio-economic aspects of the problem regions and uses the Adyghea Republic as an example. Methodological justification of the research is provided, proposals for optimal socio-economic zoning are formed due to the potential of a region