#1 / 2013
The Economic Theory
Categorial bases of economical and environmental security of the land relations
The work discusses separate aspects of the economic and environmental security of land relations and substantiates the possibility of introduction of this system category in scientific and land-tenure practices.
O.A. Kolchina, M.A. Grezina
Interbudgetary relations as an instrument of the state regulation of the economy of Russia
This work discusses the questions related to alignment of spatial differentiation of conditions of region economic and social development by means of the elaboration of recommendations for improvement of the interbudgetary relations. The proposed system of actions is aimed at increasing efficiency of the interbudgetary relations and quality of public and municipal finance management. A constitutional feature of the system is the combination of the principles of budget independence at all levels and unity of their common interests.
N.A. Koroleva, A.A. Balikoev
The controlling potential in the interaction research of the regional economy systems and mega-corporations
The corporate organizations interact intensely with regional economic systems. In this process, the promising forms of communications are created which belong to meso - level of the organization of the economic relations. Belonging of the corporate organizations to mega-level assumes their domination in the internal environment of the region. For its research it is expedient to attract the informative opportunities of controlling. They are shown in this paper.
Main functions of a financial subsystem of a modern corporation
The paper proposes the approach to research of functional aspects of a financial subsystem of a modern corporation and shows the main functional characteristics of this subsystem.
T.Kh. Sozaevà, I.B. Duguzhev
Non-standard methods of monetary and credit regulation of the US federal reserve system
Discussions about efficiency of monetary and credit regulation have got an even greater urgency during two-wave crisis with consecutive falling, short restoration and the second wave of recession. In this work, an analysis is made of various methods of influence of the Central Banks on economy. Great attention has been paid to comparison of monetary and percentage methods in terms of their efficiency in conditions of increasing inflationary pressure in the USA and the Peoples Republic of China. It is inferred that during the periods of the greatest threats for the national economy, regulators resort frequently to the methods contradicting interests of global economy.
Rational nature management as a basis for sustainable economic development
The paper describes the ecological, economic and social problems associated with energy conservation and with the state of the energy industry. The author shows the need to revise and upgrade approaches and concepts in the sphere of conservation of resources and energy. The work shows the profitability of still unused alternative sources of low-temperature petrogeothermal energy and innovative ways of energy transformation.
Features of the social-economic space of the macro-region as factor of development of the problem region
The paper deals with the structural and dynamic characteristics and features of the social-economic space of Southern macro-region in terms of the possibilities of the accelerated development in it of small budget-deficit regions. Particular attention is paid to the development capacity of the Adyghea Republic, which is one of the dynamically growing small regions of southern Russia.
The substantiation of the strategy for region modernization in the South of Russia: risks, scenario and strategies
The paper shows the possibilities of modernizing the regions of the South of Russia, the risks associated with this process and instruments of their minimization. Several scenarios of region economy modernization are proposed. An emphasis is placed on the optimistic scenario providing innovation development. For its realization a number of strategies of regional management are substantiated.
Diversification of the regional economy and its role in overcoming the differences within the region
The paper discusses a number of aspects of smoothing intraregional social-economic differences by using functional diversification opportunities. Special attention is given to the factors contributing to enhancing the economic diversification process in the Adyghea Republic, and its possible implications to ensure homogeneity of the social and economic environment in this problem region of southern Russia.
M.G. Kovalenko, N.A. Ñousinà
Structural features and long-term economic trends in the region as the basis of intraregional differences
The paper discusses a number of aspects related to the structural and dynamic features of the economy of the problem region and the influence of these features on the intra-regional social-economic differentiation process in modern Russia. The object selected for the profound analysis is the Adyghea Republic, which is one of the most problematic regions of southern Russia, in the economy of which we observe intensification of structural-dynamic processes in recent years.
A.A. Tamov, D.V. Skulches
Comparative and evolutionary analysis of the regional medium-term development of the Republic of Adygea as a tool to enhance its competitiveness
The paper discusses a number of unexplored aspects of effective use of the target medium-term development of the region as a tool to enhance its competitiveness. Particular attention is given to comparative evolutionary analysis implemented in the Republic of Adygea medium-term target.
N.A. Koroleva, I.V. Goryanova
The corporative stock in the evolution of the depressive type regional economic systems
During the past years the corporative stock interacts intensely with the regional economic systems. In this regard the new forms of relations are created at mezzo-level of organization of economic relations. But the activity of corporative organizations inside the depressive type regions creates problems of regional evolution. This paper discusses the main aspects of interaction of corporative stock with the depressive type regional economic systems.
Criteria indicators of sustainable development of regional economic systems
At the present time it is necessary to carry out a comprehensive assessment of the sustainability of regional development through the identification and formalization of qualitative and quantitative criteria in the framework of the functional areas. The paper is devoted to the problem of determination of the system of criteria for the assessment of the sustainability of regional development.
Formation of the structure of intergovernmental relations depending on the imbalance of region social and economic development
The paper presents the cognitive models of governance structures of intergovernmental relations. The work shows the process of determining the optimal governance structure for actors at the regional level, depending on the imbalance of social and economic development.
The functionality of the target medium-term program as a tool for regional competitiveness
The paper discusses a number of unexplored aspects of the effective use of the functionality of the target medium-term program as a tool for regional competitiveness. Particular attention is paid to a comparative assessment of medium-term regional programs in the Adyghea Republic in different periods of its development in terms of their orientation to increase the competitiveness of the region.
Formation priorities of complex policy of an economical and ecological clustering in the Autonomous Republic of the Crimea
The paper presents a theoretical-economic substantiation of the priorities of formation of complex policy of an economical and ecological clustering in the Autonomous Republic of the Crimea, a creation of strategy and planning the cluster activity.
Information and communication technologies in regions of Russia: condition and prospects of application in economy
The paper provides the results of the most topical researches on problems of development of information and communication technologies both in a national scale and within a region. The author analyzes the results of the conducted researches and defines the vectors of development of the situation.
The Account, Audit and the Control
Objects of financial control
The paper provides the lists of objects of the state financial control, corresponding to the international requirements of the supreme bodies of financial control and budgetary legislation of the Russian Federation. The specified lists can be used to form plans of control and auditing work, including in planning checks of target use of budgetary funds.
Private and accumulated capital of non-profit organizations
The planned changes in the Civil Code will entail serious modifications in the activities of non-profit organizations. In particular, it is supposed to oblige NPO to have separate property to which the claim for its obligations can be made. This paper describes a case related to the formation and private capital financial reporting. For a deeper understanding the issues, the analysis was made of the current domestic and foreign legislation.
M.M. Gurskaya, M.A. Vladimirova
Legal regulation of nonprofit organizations: present and future
Imperfection of the legislation, governing the activities of non-profit organizations, is the cause of the planned changes in the Civil Code. In particular, it suggests a significant change in the structure of non-profit organizations, first of all the division of legal entities in terms of organizational structure into corporate organizations (corporations) and the unitary organizations. This paper focuses on the need to reform the legislation, governing the activities of non-profit organizations, as well as some shortcomings in existing legislation.
Depreciation processes and state intervention
The paper discusses the topical issues related to the use of sources of simple and expanded reproduction of long-lived assets. The author shows the discrepancy between the accrued depreciation and depreciation returned as revenue. Appropriateness of government intervention is substantiated when the rapid methods are used to charge extra for amortization.
First accounting reports on depreciation
Using an example of books by Francesco Datini and Giovanni Farolfi the author examines the first calculations of depreciation in double-entry bookkeeping.
Problems of formation, use and reflection of intracompany financing sources of the capital extended reproduction in accounting and tax accounting
The present work shows the problems of intracompany financing of the capital extended reproduction and proposes the new accounting mechanism providing growth of interest of business in intensive extended reproduction.
The computer modeling of the first book of double-entry bookkeeping
This work examines the first widely accepted book of double entry system – Massari’s ledger of the Genoese Commune of 1340. The author makes reconstruction of accounting records and accounts, as well as the computer modeling of the ledger.
Economy of Agrarian-Industrial Complex
L.V. Agarkova, P.G. Chernyshov
Government regulation as the basis of formation of a competitive agri-food segment of the grain market
The paper explains the need for a comprehensive policy-relevant state regulation of the agrarian sector of the economy. The purpose of this work is the formation of an effective system of state regulation in order to increase competitiveness of the grain market. An algorithm is developed to reform model of a state support with the inclusion of sub-formation mechanism for the implementation of adaptive features of agricultural policy.
Features of maintenance of agrarian enterprise resource potential in modern conditions
The paper discusses the questions of ensuring resource capacity of the enterprises of the agrarian sphere. The author characterizes the agricultural grounds of agricultural purpose in the Adyghea Republic as the main resource in agriculture. The publication describes the principles and the mechanism of management of the enterprise resource capacity, as well as the major approaches to an assessment of resource capacity of the agricultural enterprise.
Contemporary problems of formation of the organizational-economic mechanism of multifunctional agriculture
The paper gives a system of conditions, requirements, principles and elements providing creation of the contemporary organizational and economic mechanism of a sustainable development of agrarian sector taking into account multifunctionality of rural territories and multidimensional development of agriculture. The author designates its main subsystems, principles and functions, as well as the efficiency criteria.
The problems and prospects of personnel development in the agrarian-industrial complex of modern Russia
This paper discusses the problem of personnel development in the agrarian and industrial complex of the Russian Federation. The characteristic of labor resources of the agrarian and industrial complex of modern Russia is given. The directions of improvement of personnel development of the domestic agrarian and industrial complex are allocated with direct participation of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation. Special attention is paid to a problem of providing and improvement of quality of professional education and specialist training in the field of agrarian and industrial complex. The work presents the main results of scientific researches of the organizations, institutions and establishments subordinated to the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation, focused on modernization of the agrarian and industrial complex of modern Russia.
A.Z. Rismyatov, K.M. Panesh
Problems of regulation of intra corporate interaction between participants of the integrated agro-industrial structures
The paper discloses the key problems of regulation of intra-economic interaction of participants of the integrated associations in agrarian and industrial complex of modern Russia. The role is defined of the integrated corporate structures in modernization of domestic agrarian and industrial complex. Special attention is paid to problems of formation of the effective intra corporate distributive, property relations defining efficiency of integration processes.
Management by Innovations
Impact of foreign direct investments on innovative development of accepting region
The paper highlights the problem of effective scientific and technical cooperation between foreign and local companies of the region accepting foreign direct investments. The author underlines that there is a mutual interest in joint researches and development for both participants of cooperation. On the other hand, there is a strong probability of unequal partnership which must be reduced by using tools of the regional investment policy.
B.O. Khashir, K.P. Khot
Conception of strategy for the innovative development of forest sector
Questions of perfection of structure of timber industry manufacture on the basis of scientific researches of development of a wood complex, and also at regional government level are considered by working out of projects on development of small business, forecasting and modeling of innovative activity on the basis of world experience.
Mathematical Methods in Economy
G.V. Gorelova, M.V. Mandel
Simulation modeling as a tool for the study of regional labor market
The paper discusses the problems of the Russian labor market and simulation of structure, status and labor market development. Simulation is needed to develop and substantiate regulatory impacts, which can reduce the level of unemployment and tension in labor market. The authors propose to use the methodology of cognitive modeling, methods of system dynamics and agent-based modeling. The application of this methodology is illustrated by using an example of simulation analysis of the regional labor market.
E.Yu. Gadjeva, Yu.V. Kotenko
The infrastructure platform of development of human factor of education sphere: the territorial aspect
The process of development of human factor determinate the using of the new possibilities, which have been opened in the renovation of exist of territorial infrastructure platform. In the education sphere this renovation of infrastructure platform is unforced, because why the potential of state-private partnership is wanted. In given article the main approach of formation of infrastructure platform of education sphere, which may be realized in the state-private partnership is presented.
Analysis of cost management tools for educational services
Having integrated into the economy, education has become one of the industries whose work is subject to economic evaluation “price – quality”. Priority development of higher professional education in the economy of Russia raises issues of justification of higher education institution expenses to train the experts which have paramount value and demand the development of the tool of fiscal policy.
Public-private partnerships as an instrument for the development of a special infrastructure of educational services in the conditions of modernization
This paper proves the necessity of formation and development of public-private partnership in the modernization conditions of Russia today. The author examines the world and Russian practice of this tool of special infrastructure of the sphere of educational services, its main features and expediency of use. The priority directions of development of public-private partnership in Russia are identified.
Reform of the higher education: from new organizational forms to the new economic relations
The paper discusses the formation of the new economic relations concerning receiving services of the higher education system in a context of transition of national economy to society of knowledge. The author proves that active market functioning of education has to lead to formation of educational space as system part of social space with the corresponding economic relations. These relations will objectively predetermine the priority principles of management of the higher education system.
The educational sector as the first division of the knowledge economy
The paper examines the meaning and the main features of the knowledge economy. The author discusses a new scientific idea of conceptual representation of education as the first division of the formed knowledge economy.
Priority of address and active forms of social protection in regions
The paper examines the problems related to definition of a functional role of the most promising forms of the population social protection in regional development. The main attention is paid to creation of necessary preconditions to increase efficiency of address and active forms of social protection. Those are the creation of the multipurpose centers to provide the state and municipal services and the introduction of universal electronic cards.
Social responsibility of business in the regional investment project
The paper investigates the reflection in the mass media of issues of corporate social responsibility in the implementation of major investment project of petrochemical industry. The basic categories are allocated for content analysis of social responsibility. The results of sociological research, in particular, have shown that the mass media pay great attention to the social and economic role of the project in the development of the region, informing about the active and full support of the project by administration of Tobolsk and by the Government of Tyumen region. It is concluded that it is necessary to develop the perception of the concept of corporate social responsibility in the public consciousness.
Influence of migratory processes on social and economic development of the FarEast territory
The paper examines influence of migratory processes on social and economic development of the territory. Data are calculated proceeding from results of the Russian population census of 2010. In comparison to census of 2002 the population of the territory was reduced by 114.8 thousand people. Both a natural decrease and migratory outflow promoted this. During the last 15 years, qualitatively new migratory streams differing in the contents and in results were created in the frontier territories of Russia. This work proposes the project related to creation of infrastructure of management by foreign labor with placement of the interconnected elements in adjacent territories of the foreign states (in particular the People's Republic of China).
Methodical approach to management of industrial complex restructuring in the region
At the present time the restructuring becomes an integral component of the management of the region economy, including its industrial complexes. The author proposes an integrated approach to the management of the restructuring, based on the assessment of structural conformity of the potentials of these complexes to priorities of regional industrial policy and on the choice of appropriate forms of restructuring.
Analysis of a current state of tourism development in the Russian Federation
Tourism is one of most dynamically developing and highly remunerative branches of world economy. Existence in the Russian Federation of essential disproportions in the tourist sphere revealed need to investigate a tourism condition at the present stage. In the paper, problems and prospects of development of entrance and exit tourism in Russia are analyzed. The federal target program “Development of internal and entrance tourism in the Russian Federation” is considered, which is the important instrument of legal base of the state support of tourism. The author gives a characteristic of special tourist and recreational economic zones and examines some questions of legislative ensuring the development of internal and entrance tourism in the Russian Federation.
SWOT-analysis as a management tool of an integrated economic system
Any manager has to deal with a choice of methods and tools for analysis of a potential integrated medium of an enterprise. In this paper, the author describes the capabilities of SWOT-analysis for making administrative decisions on the selection of a possibility of integration interactions.