#2 / 2013
The Economic Theory
The processes of transformation of economic systems: the theory of multi-vector
The paper analyzes and systematizes the theoretical views of representatives of the various schools of economic thought on the problems of economic development. Also this work proves methodologically the strategic objectives to ensure sustainable development of the national economic system of Kazakhstan.
Sources of modern city as a system subject of social and economic relations
In the paper, using an example of historical cities, we investigate the reasons and conditions of city formation and the role of system city-forming holdings in sustainable development of city community.
V.V. Kuzmenko, A.V. Kayvanov
Performance criteria in the Russian system of differentiated contributions to a deposit insurance fund
The paper argues expediency of introduction in Russia of differentiated system of contributions to the Deposit Insurance Fund and defines the main criteria to facilitate the development, organization and continuous improvement of such a mechanism.
The evolution of a financial subsystem of corporation in conditions of post-industrial transformations
The paper discusses the approach to research of evolution of a financial subsystem of modern corporation and defines the main instruments of development of this subsystem.
Problems of financial market development in modern Russia
Several models are known that historically describe the financial market of the world and of individual countries of the world. The author of this paper solves a serious problem to show trends and conditions of financial market development in modern Russia based on certain patterns of development of the world financial market.
The controlling in the development of region functional subsystems
The functional intensely interrelating subsystems, making a great contribution to the potential of competitiveness of regional economic system, are formed inside the region. To analyze this contribution, as well as to provide the correct strategy line of their development, the instrument of one of the promising directions of contemporary economics – the controlling – is used. This paper presents instrumental potentialities of the controlling in the development of functional subsystems of the region.
Strategic priorities in the Adyghea Republic development and mechanisms of overcoming its lag in social and economic space of the Southern macroregion
This paper discusses some aspects of substantiating the strategic priorities in the development of the Adyghea Republic, one of the budget-deficit regions of the South of Russia, from the position of overcoming its lag in economic space of the macroregion. Particular attention is given to providing a mechanism for the instrumental implementation of regional priorities.
Strategy to diversify the region's economy as a means to ensure the homogeneity of the socio-economic environment and the tools for its implementation
The paper discusses a number of aspects of the revitalization of process of economic diversification in the region, functionally oriented on smoothing intraregional socio-economic differences. Particular attention is paid to the justification of the strategy to diversify the region's economy and to basic tools for its implementation.
N.A. Koroleva, N.A. Khilko
The diagnostics of competitiveness in the interaction of system subjects at mezzo level of organization of economic relations
The competitiveness has become the dominative feature of interaction between system subjects at mezzo level of organization of economic relations. The integration of Russia into WTO makes more actual the demand in elaborating the new mechanisms of diagnostics of competition potential, which are adapted to the process of interaction of corporations, web organizations and regional economic systems. The present paper describes the approaches to elaboration of the indicated diagnostic mechanisms of competitiveness.
Improving the mechanisms of elaboration and realization of target medium-term programs of socio-economic development of the region
The paper discusses a number of unexplored aspects related to the improvement of the development of medium-term target programs for the region development focused upon increasing regional competitiveness. Special attention is given to the programs implemented in the South macroregion.
A.A. Tamov, A.G. Dobrovolsky
Theoretical and methodological issues in the study of inter-regional socio-economic differentiation in the space of macro-region
This paper discusses some aspects of smoothing inter-regional socio-economic differences in the Southern macro-region in terms of opportunities to ensure the accelerated development of its small budget-deficit regions. Particular attention is given to such issues as the causes, criteria for manifestation, methods of measurement, the effects of regional disparities, as well as the prospects for their smoothing in the macro-region.
Development of sub-regional spatial localizations in Russia (using St. Petersburg as an example)
The meso-level is characterized by the weak institutional environment. For its development it is necessary to form sub-regional spatial localizations which are clusters, special economic zones and agglomeration development kernels. Existence in St. Petersburg of sub-regional spatial localizations defines an innovative way of development of the region.
Economy of Agrarian-Industrial Complex
Realization of an integrated approach to resource capacity assessment for the agricultural enterprise
This paper discusses various approaches to a resource capacity assessment and their shortcomings, the basic of which is lack of the integrated, system approach, allowing an analysis of the whole set of indicators of resource capacity.
The work presents the methodology of a complex expert assessment of the resource capacity, considering three major components: existing level of resource security of all major elements of the enterprise capacity, level of realization of capacity of each of these elements and influence of environment on a condition of elements of resource capacity.
N.N. Vorobyev, A.N. Potapova
Formation and expansion of the market of ecologically clean agricultural products
In many countries we observe an expansion of production and consumption of eco-products. The situation in agriculture of Russia can become an ideal jumping-off ground for entering the world market of ecologically clean agricultural products. To increase the potential capacity of the market share of these products it is necessary to mentally prepare consumers, to take interest of producers in the production of these products and to create appropriate conditions for the support and state regulation of the environmental market.
T.G. Gurnovich, L.A. Latysheva, R.G. Karsliev
Effectiveness assessment of external financing of entrepreneurial activity in agrarian economy
Methodical bases of evaluating the effectiveness of external financing of entrepreneurial activity in agrarian economy are especially important in the contemporary economy, accompanied by manifestations and the effects of the global financial liquidity crisis. In this paper we investigate economic activities of agribusiness, presented as a process of exploitation of operating funds. We examine the opportunity of optimum management of entrepreneurial structure by differentiated impact on business processes. For this purpose in order to carry out quantitative assessments of the impact of changing volumes of external financing and its value on the business results we developed and formalized the so-called coefficient of dynamic effect of external finance of industry. It is inferred that in order to assess this impact it is necessary to take into account the possibility of increased activity as compared to the estimated costs of servicing borrowed capital.
On the consequences of entry of Russia in the Worldwide Trade Organization
The paper deals with the problems that can emerge in the Russian agro-industrial complex after entry of the country into the WTO. The author proposes a system of measures to minimize the negative impact of this on the agro-industrial complex.
Mathematical Methods in Economy
G.V. Gorelova, I.S. Gorelova, E.N. Zakharova
Game-theoretical modeling of interaction of the composite systems represented by hierarchical cognitive maps
The paper presents the models of the hierarchical cognitive maps describing composite systems the interaction of which is modeled by multi-step games. The proposed combination of game-theoretic and cognitive modeling to study and prove the adoption of administrative decisions in composite systems is illustrated with an example of modeling of systems of small and medium business.
The problems of modeling the communicative space
The status and development of communicative space in the modern economy determines the competitiveness and efficiency of the business entities. The paper studies special properties of the communicative space with the new trends in the economy and highlights its key features and life cycle stages. The author develops a model of communication network as a form of communicative interactions.
Role of forecasting in ensuring financial stability of the enterprise
The paper is focused on the importance of financial forecasting in ensuring stability of economic subjects. The author describes the conceptual model of forecasting financial stability of the enterprise and basic provisions of adaptive approach to the solution of forecasted tasks in the conditions of uncertainty.
Model of dependence of the gross regional product of Stavropol territory on expenses for scientific researches and elaborations by the enterprises and organizations of the territory
The paper gives a structural and dynamic analysis of values of gross regional product produced within the Stavropol Territory and discusses the features of a regional innovative policy using Stavropol Territory as an example. The author analyzes key indicators of efficiency of a regional innovative policy and elaborates polynomial models of dependence of gross regional product on expenses for scientific researches and workings out of the enterprises and the organizations within the Stavropol Territory.
Evaluation of the state and tendencies in economic development of commercial medical service organizations
An analysis is made of the advantages and disadvantages of the main methodical approaches to the evaluation of the state of economic development of commercial medical services as the forecasting bankruptcy models and the ratio analysis of financial indices. The author introduces her own method of calculation of this index basing upon the sum of the quantitative and qualitative index analyses of organization activity.
On importance of professional education as a factor of development of manpower competitiveness
This paper gives the general understanding of manpower competitiveness, as well as shows the importance of professional education as one of the factors of the development of competitiveness. In addition, the general state of education in the Russian Federation is defined and its weak and strong points are indicated. Promising directions of increase of manpower competitiveness are proposed.
Realization of complex approach in estimation of competitiveness of higher education institution and its products
An analysis is made of factors of higher education institution competitiveness and their relation to other qualitative and quantitative parameters of institution activity. The author defines the most important factors of parameter choice for activity estimation and proposes a model of competitiveness estimation for a subject of education market.
On formation of the scientific and educational cluster in the Krasnodar Region
The paper substantiates the necessity of creation and development of scientific and educational cluster in the conditions of post-industrial transformations of modern Russia. The author discusses the possibility of the formation of the new economy, namely: the knowledge economy in the Krasnodar Region, and the scientific center on a country scale.
The principles and formation strategy of an infrastructure platform for development of human factor at mezzo level
The process of intensive development of a human factor at mezzo level assumes formation of qualitatively new infrastructure platform providing support of basic needs of this factor. In this case it is insufficient to use possibilities of existing territorial infrastructure of modern Russia. This paper presents the principles and formation strategy of an infrastructure platform for development of a human factor of the region.
Approaches to the classification of educational service organization in Russia
The paper examines the main classifications of the service educational organizations according to the new Federal Law “About Education in the Russian Federation” and still existing Federal Law “About Education”, namely: the main types, kinds and organizationally – legal forms of the education organizations.
Productivity assessment of management of industrial complex restructuring in the region
The key point in management of the industrial complex restructuring in the region is the assessment of the impact of actions carried out within its framework. The paper discusses the main approaches to the definition of the restructuring effect. The author proposes a methodology of assessing the impact of restructuring in the context of harmonization of the state, business and social interests.
Taxes and the Taxation
L.Yu. Bagdasaryan, N.S. Beskorovaynaya, V.V. Kuzmenko
VAT payments as the indicator of the condition of tax discipline in branches of material goods production
This paper shows the factors influencing the size of value added tax payments. Calculations of VAT quantitative dependence on development of branches of goods production and investments into fixed capital are carried out.
S.V. Karpenko, T.A. Silina, M.E. Ordynskaya
New opportunities of tax optimization for small business on the basis of the comparative analysis of special systems of the taxation
Development of small business is one of the priority directions of economic policy in Russia. For this purpose various tools of economic policy are used, among which tax levers are of great importance. The ten-year experience shows that special modes of the taxation promote to a large extent the development of small business. This paper examines and compares the key parameters of the patent system and the uniform tax on imputed income.