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#1 / 2017
The level and quality of life increasing of the population as a dominant regional development
The paper discloses various approaches to the concept of “standard of living”. The author considers the problem of improving the level and quality of life on the example of the Republic of Ingushetia, which occupies the last place among Russian regions. Strategic direction of development of the Republic includes the creation of a comfortable social space. The scientific article draws its attention to achievements in the sphere of provision of public health facilities. It also points to the necessity of attracting funds from private businesses to implement projects aimed at development of social infrastructure of the Republic, on the basis of the mechanism of public-private partnership (PPP).
About the readiness of municipal education to Smart City technologies implementation
This paper suggests a methodology that determines the degree of readiness of municipal entities to implement Smart City technologies. It selects urban development models most relevant to the existing level of preparedness as well as identifies the main barriers to the implementation of Smart projects. The purpose of the study is to determine the degree of readiness of the municipalities of the Russian Federation to implement Smart City technologies. It is necessary to solve the following tasks to achieve this goal: the considering of the theoretical foundations of studies on the readiness of municipalities to introduce Smart City technologies; formation of a methodology for assessing the readiness of municipalities to implement Smart City technologies; building of a matrix for the development of municipalities in accordance with the selected models; identification of the main barriers to the launch of Smart projects in the municipalities of the Russian Federation. The study was based on the method of structural and graphical analysis, summary evaluation and ratings, group accounting of arguments. The author draws a conclusion that most cities, administrative centers of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation are not ready for the introduction of Smart City technologies. The low energy efficiency and high dependence of municipal entities on borrowed capital are the main problem hampering the introduction of Smart technologies. The methodology proposed by the author for assessing the readiness of municipalities to implement Smart City technologies will allow the most efficient and quick identification of territories for the Smart technologies introduction. The scientific novelty of the research is the author's approach to the issue of determining the readiness of municipalities to implement Smart City technologies. The field of application of the results obtained is quite extensive. The paper is of interest to public authorities and local self-government, researchers in the field of urban economics and urban studies. The main direction of future research is the substantiation of approaches to solving the problem of launching Smart projects in depressed and stagnant municipalities.
Tamov A.A., Tamova M.K., Shalatov V.V.
Peculiarities of economic interaction of large budget-supplied and small problem regions of the South of Russia
The paper examines a number of little researched aspects of economic interaction between large budget-supplied and small problem regions of the South of Russia in conditions of a prolonged financial and economic crisis. The authors reveal peculiarities, trends, stimulating and constraining factors, as well as the potential for intensifying interregional economic cooperation on the example of two regions, the Krasnodar Territory and the Adyghe Republic.
Tamov K.A., Tamova M.K., Tyutyunnikov A.S.
Evolution of the role competitive advantages of the budget-deficit regions of the Sothern Russia in their strategic development
The paper discusses some aspects related to changing the role of competitive opportunities for budget-deficit regions of the South of Russia in different periods of market reforms during the recent decades. The authors pay their special attention to the peculiarities of these regions, which exert a dominant influence on the formation of their competitive positions in the economic space of the Southern macro-region.
Methodological approaches and mechanisms of the regional economy competitiveness management
The paper considers the essence of economic competitiveness of regions. It gives objective factors, its forming, as well as the directions and tools to improve it. The author reveals the scientific approaches used in the management of competitiveness of regional economies, providing search and creation of new competitive advantages and economic growth of the region as a whole.
Shalatov V.V., Kovalenko M. G.
About efficiency of realization of Strategy of social and economic development of the Adyghe Republic until 2025
The scientific article reflects the results conducted by the authors of the analysis of efficiency of realization of the Strategy of social and economic development of the Adyghe Republic until 2025. The main strategic directions are high rates of sustainable economic growth and competitiveness of enterprises in the region.
Shelekhova L.V., Nagoev A.V., Bulgakova A.A.
The tourism influence on the Krasnodar Territory economy
This paper discloses the role and importance of tourism in the economy of the Krasnodar Territory. It reveals the advantages of the resource base of the region, providing its tourist potential. The authors study the problems of development of sanatorium and tourist complex associated with the promotion of the tourist product, the service quality in the tourism sector and promote inbound and domestic tourism.
The Theory and Practice of Business
New development opportunities in the field of small and medium-sized businesses
The paper considers the internal capacities of regional economic development, which are localized in territorial small and medium-sized businesses. The author substantiates that in the conditions of formation of the “new economic reality” such opportunities become the dominant development resources of the regional economy, as the inflow of investments from the external environment dramatically weakens in terms of curtailing cross-border business transactions. The internal capacities of regional economic development are strongly correlated with those areas that have traditionally been underestimated at the mesolevel. The author includes the territorial sphere of small and medium enterprises with considerable scale and a high level of diversification in the regional economies of the South of Russia to them. The scientific article presents systematic approach, which gives the opportunity to outline the wide range of opportunities for the development of the regional economy, localized in a territorial sphere of small and medium-sized businesses. The author pays his special attention to the hidden opportunities of development of regional economy related to the subjective factor, including the potential development of the system of the entrepreneurial potential of the regional economy, proposed a number of tools in the development of this potential. The paper draws a conclusion that the rental of the strategic orientation of development of economy of Russia acts as a barrier to the implementation of internal resources for the development of the regional economy, localized in a territorial sphere of small and medium-sized businesses.
Zakharova E.N., Kovaleva I.P.
The formation of risk management mechanisms in the medical organizations
The paper examines the main mechanisms and tools of risk management in medical services providing. The provision of services by medical institutions is impossible without the occurrence of risk situations. At risk are both producers and consumers of medical services, but the more immediate problems associated with the occurrence of medical errors and asymmetry of market information. In modern Russian conditions the situation risk management becomes more complicated. There are no standardized requirements for the organization of the processes of risk management. The basis of the risk management system creates only the analysis of the causes of reported incidents and corrective (warning) action. Foreign experience demonstrates the use of broader instrumentation, and in particular, best practices for the establishment and functioning of multi-level agencies that have their own system of monitoring incidents using the FMEA method.
Peskova O.S., Boriskina T.B.
Current state of the Internet-advertising market
The paper considers the research of Russian market of Internet advertising and ways of information obtaining, the promising channels of communication on the Internet. It analyzes the volume of advertising in traditional media and the Internet as well as presents the rationale for change mediocrely in Russia from the traditional forms to the Internet. The authors determine the most effective and popular segment of Internet advertising.
Zakharova E.N., Tamov A.A., Zemtsova A.V.
The peculiarities of the “Knowledge Economics” and their realization in the intellectual services sphere
The paper considers the institutional peculiarities and factors of formation of knowledge economy. It shows that knowledge as a characteristic of mental work has a number of specific characteristics compared to other characteristics of the workforce. Only the knowledge used in the process of creating specific values, subjected to capitalization and productively used, became direct productive force and value in the framework of the knowledge economy. The authors reveal that the basis of the development of the modern “knowledge society” at all levels and in all fields is the man-centeredness. They substantiate that intensive services are special interest sectors.
Retailers network in unstable external environment: problems and solutions (based on X5 Retail Group N.V.)
The paper discloses the issue of company’s targets changing in the conditions of unstable external environment. It points at the main changing, which is maintaining of the development sustainability. The author reveals the current situation on the example of X5 Retail Group N.V., which is the second on sales volumes of the domestic retail network. The scientific article discloses that the most important distinguishing feature of the organization of the activities of X5 Retail Group N.V. is a multi-format approach, its diversification within the parallel development of multiple trading networks. The author presents a brief description of the results of operations of commercial networks that are members of the company: “Pyatyorochka”, “Perekrestok”, “Karusel” and “Perekrestok Express” as well.
The Lfbour Marrket
Ryskulov I.À., Iliazova N.B.
The current state of the labor market and labor migration in the Kyrgyz Republic
The paper considers the current situation in the labor market and the ongoing processes of external and internal labor migration in the Kyrgyz Republic, the authors reveal discrepancy with the supply and demand of labor in the labor market. The scientific article presents statistical data, as well as the results of studies of employment and unemployment indicators, as the main factor of influence on migration in the republic.